Workers’ Memorial Day can be termed as International Workers’ Memorial Day or International Commemoration Day (ICD). On 28th April the annual World Day for Safety and Health at Work is celebrated to promote the prevention of occupational accidents and diseases globally. It is an annual international awareness campaign intended to create safety and health culture helping reduce the number of work-related death and injuries.
The International Labour Organization (ILO) celebrates the World Day for Safety and Health at Work and also in many parts of the world, national authorities, trade unions, employers’ organizations and safety and health practitioners organize activities to celebrate this date. This year, the World Day for Safety and Health at Work and the World Day Against Child Labour (WDACL) are coming together in a joint campaign to improve the safety and health of young workers and also end child labour. This Day also invites people to remember those who have died due to incidents at work.
Every day 6,300 people die as a result of occupational accidents or work-related diseases. More than 2.3 million deaths can be seen per year and 317 million accidents occur on the job annually. There can be many factors increasing such vulnerability to occupational safety health risks, like lack of work experience and lack of training, limited awareness of work-related hazards and a lack of bargaining power that can lead young workers to accept dangerous tasks or jobs with poor working conditions.
So, it is the responsibility of every employer to provide assurance to the employees to remain safe and healthy at work.
What will be an employer’s roles and responsibilities?
Let us have a look:
- Every employer is obliged to provide employees with training or a ‘desk assessment’ on how to set up their workstation suiting them. A specialist can be arranged to visit in small companies which do not have in-house occupational health departments.
- An employer should encourage his employee to actively participate in the implementation of health and safety initiatives at workplace.
- The employees shall be made to exercise together. ‘Corporate wellness programmes’ and setting up a weekly yoga of fitness class near office for the employees can improve teamwork, boosting morale and also increase the health of the staff.
The employees should also be provided health insurances by the employers so that at the time of any health issues or any other crisis they can be benefited. As there are many life insurance schemes providing a good amount of benefits to the employees. Some of the sectors where such insurances are majorly needed are professions related to constructions, field work, defense etc. Every employee deserves such benefits as they work putting their life at risks.
Every year, the ILO publishes a booklet and disseminates information on this issue. This year, the publication will discuss about the current global challenges and the new context of occupational safety and health practices. It will also highlight technological advance, emerging workplace risks and changing patterns of employment and workplace composition, together with the need for new preventive approaches to meet the new challenges.
Governments are responsible for providing infrastructure, laws, and services necessary to ensure that workers remain employable together with health and safety. It includes the development of a national policy and national programme. Each of us is responsible to maintain a safe working environment allowing workers to return safely to their homes at the end of the working day.